Structure and Mutation Rate of SARS COVID-19 Virus

Authors

  • Parth Nigam Amity Institute of Pharmacy, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54060/pcc.2023.15

Keywords:

COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Pandemic, Epidemiology, Transmission modes

Abstract

The world economy, society, and health have all been significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to investigate the importance of understanding the disease, its impact, and potential prevention measures. Our study analyzed the global spread and impact of COVID-19, highlighting the importance of understanding the disease to develop effective prevention measures. We analyzed epidemiological data and observed a significant increase in the number of cases and deaths globally. We identified common symptoms such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath, and we analyzed risk fac-tors such as age, underlying medical conditions, and immunosuppression. We also studied the transmission modes of COVID-19, including human-to-human transmission through respiratory droplets and contact with contaminated surfaces. Our study highlights the importance of prevention measures such as social distancing, mask-wearing, and hand hygiene in controlling the spread of COVID-19. We analyzed the effectiveness of these measures, which were implemented globally to prevent the spread of the virus. Our observations indicate that these measures, when combined, have reduced the spread of the virus and prevented millions of cases and deaths globally.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Hunt for contacts of coronavirus-stricken pair in York. Times (London, England: 1788) [Internet]. [cited 2023 Jan 27]; Available from: https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/hunt-for-contacts-of-coronavirus-stricken-pair-in-york-dh363qf8k.

Perski O, Herbeć A, Shahab L, Brown J. Influence of the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak on the uptake of a popular smoking cessation app in UK smokers: Interrupted time series analysis. JMIR MHealth UHealth [Internet]. 2020; 8(6): e19494. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/19494

Boseley S, Campbell D, Murphy S. First British national to contract coronavirus had been in Singapore. The guardian [Internet]. 2020 Feb 6 [cited 2022 Sep 27]; Available from: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/06/third-person-in-uk-confirmed-as-having-coronavirus.

Corley J. US government response to COVID-19 was slow. But how does it compare to other countries? Forbes. 2020 [cited 2023 May 9].

Advice for the public on COVID-19 – World Health Organization [Internet]. Who.int. [cited 2023 Feb 7]. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public.

Coronavirus: PM says everyone should avoid office, pubs and travelling [Internet]. Patient Safety Learning - the hub. [cited 2023 Jan 2]. Available from: https://www.pslhub.org/blogs/entry/641-coronavirus-pm-says-everyone-should-avoid-office-pubs-and-travelling/.

COVID-19: guidance for staff in the transport sector [Internet]. Gov.uk. 2020 [cited 2023 May 9]. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/covid-19-guidance-for-staff-in-the-transport-sector.

De A. Covid-19 testing: What are the tests and testing procedures being carried out in India? The Indian Express. 2020 Jun 27 [cited 2023 May 9];

Navani N, Nankivell M, Lawrence DR, Lock S, Makker H, Baldwin DR, et al. Lung cancer diagnosis and staging with en-dobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration compared with conventional approaches: an open-label, pragmatic, randomized controlled trial. Lancet Respir Med [Internet]. 2015; 3(4):282–9. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25660225/

Schiller JH, Harrington D, Belani CP, Langer C, Sandler A, Krook J, et al. Comparison of four chemotherapy regimens for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. N Engl J Med [Internet]. 2002;346(2):92–8. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa011954

Eckhouse S, Lewison G, Sullivan R. Trends in the global funding and activity of cancer research. Mol Oncol [Internet]. 2008;2(1):20–32. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molonc.2008.03.007

Chalkidou K, Marquez P, Dhillon PK, Teerawattananon Y, Anothaisintawee T, Gadelha CAG, et al. Evidence-informed frameworks for cost-effective cancer care and prevention in low, middle, and high-income countries. Lancet Oncol [Internet]. 2014;15(3):e119-31. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70547-3

Derrick GE, Pavone V. Democratising research evaluation: Achieving greater public engagement with bibliomet-rics-informed peer review. Sci Public Policy [Internet]. 2013;40(5):563–75. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scipol/sct007

Hood WW, Wilson CS. Scientometrics [Internet]. 2001;52(2):291–314. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1017919924342

Lewison G. The definition of biomedical research subfields with title keywords and application to the analysis of re-search outputs. Res Eval [Internet]. 1996;6(1):25–36. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rev/6.1.25.

PCC 015

Downloads

Published

2023-09-30

How to Cite

1.
Nigam P. Structure and Mutation Rate of SARS COVID-19 Virus. Int. J. Primary Crit. Care [Internet]. 2023 Sep. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];1(1):1-9. Available from: https://pcc.a2zjournals.com/index.php/pcc/article/view/15

CITATION COUNT

Issue

Section

Research Article